When Can You Tell A Baby’s Eye Color?

As much as we are excited about naming our baby, we also feel ecstatic on how he would look like. We even fantasize the best trait that he can get from his parents. One of the important aspects that we are excited about is the eyes. As the saying goes, “the eyes are the window to a man’s soul”. Thus, you want your baby’s eyes to be really nice and pretty.

When can you tell a baby’s eye color? You can tell your baby’s permanent eye color in his first year. The melanin, a pigment which is responsible for the coloring of the eyes, actively changes in one year. After this span of time, his eyes have already stashed enough pigments. Hence, the color that he gets will most likely dictate the permanent color of his eyes.

Are Babies Born With Blue Eyes?

Most babies are born with blue or gray eyes, but not all. There are cases that babies are born with dark brown eyes especially if they are Asian, African-American, or Hispanic. The reason why the color of the babies' eyes is blue or gray is that the newborn baby’s eyes pigmentation process is not yet complete. Hence, blue or gray is the darkest it can get.

As mentioned, the pigmentation is the process wherein the melanin plays its role to change your baby’s eye color. When your baby finally gets out of the womb and opens his eye, this is the only time that the pigmentation process activates. The pigmentation process involves the melanin in your iris. The more melanin your iris gets, the darker the color of your eye becomes. The melanin is also dependent on the bright light or sun rays that your baby gets exposed to. It increases melanin once exposed to bright light.

The same cycle of pigmentation will last for a year. After this span of time, your baby's eyes have stashed enough pigments which can now dictate the permanent color of his eyes. Note that melanin is not the only thing that creates this change, genetic also does its part.

What Are The Probabilities Of Your Baby’s Eye Color?

If both parents have brown-colored eyes, but either one of the mother or father’s parent had blue eyes, then it has a slight possibility that the eyes of the baby will stay blue. If one of the parents has blue-colored eyes and the other has brown-colored eyes, then your baby's eyes have a fifty-fifty chance of having either of the two colors. If both of the parents have blue eyes, then it has a high chance that your baby’s eyes will have a permanent blue-colored eye.

What Is The Cause Of Different ​​​​Colored Eye?

There are rare cases where a baby is born with one eye is half brown, and the other eye is half blue, or two different colored eyes. As stunning and exotic as it looks, you still have to consult your doctor if this happens to your baby. This different colored eye is known as heterochromia. Although heterochromia is considered normal when caused by a genetic change, it can also indicate an eye problem that might be an effect of a disease or injury. Heterochromia, in some cases, is also connected to albinism, a very light-colored eye condition caused by reduced pigmentation.

What Are Your Baby’s Eye Activities For A Year?

Your baby’s vision in the first few weeks may seem blurry and unclear. However, it will then improve for the next few months as manifested by the development of your baby’s eye activities. To know how your baby's vision develops over time, here are the stages of his eye activities:

  • At birth, your baby might notice high-contrast images than the dull-colored ones. He also tends to look at faces, especially his mother’s. However, he still cannot see the precise details of these images. The farthest he can see is eight to ten inches away from his face.
  • At your baby's first month, your baby now tends to focus more on faces than the previous weeks. His vision is improved and his eyes start working together. His first month is also the time that he slowly begins to reach for objects that get close to him.
  • At your baby's second month, your baby can now distinguish his mother’s face from the others. This time, he gets more interested in toys and objects especially if it is full of colors. Your baby also shows improvement in how he follows moving objects with his eyes.
  • At your baby's fourth month, you can observe that your baby now tends to follow everything that he sees with his eyes. He gets more interested with smaller details of his things and toys and tries to reach for it more.
  • At your baby's fifth to eight month, there is observed coordination between his eye and body movements. He also gets more alert and curious about what is happening around him. But, he still lacks the ability to judge if things are close or far from him.
  • At your baby's ninth to twelfth month, your baby can now judge the distance of things from him. Since by this time he already starts learning how to walk, he tends to reach more of the objects that catch his attention. This is helpful in kindling his interests for things.

What Are The Possible Baby’s Eye Concerns?

Despite the high possibility that your baby’s vision may develop normally, there are a still few symptoms that you should watch out for:

  • Crossed eyes - crossed eyes seem to be normal in the first few months of your baby. The reason for this is because he is still not in control of his eyes’ direction. However, if this still persists in his fourth month, it is now time for you to consult your doctor.
  • Drooping eyelid - drooping eyelid, also known as lazy eye, is the tendency of your baby’s one eyelid to droop. In effect, the one eye with droopy eyelid becomes weaker than the other. As one eye seems to be stronger than the other, the weak one gets a blurry eye vision. If this happens, consult your doctor immediately.
  • Milky white eye - the milky white eye also called as congenital cataracts is an effect of the progressive blurry and opaque vision of a baby. Consult your doctor as this condition should be addressed immediately.
  • Pink eyes - if your baby’s eyes have yellowish fluid coming out of it, he may have an eye problem called pink eye, also known as conjunctivitis. Pink eye can be a result of bacterial infection. Do not wait for the condition to worsen. Instead, have it checked by experts.
  • Watery eyes - watery eyes is also known as congenital stenosis. This condition is noticeable when your baby's eyes tend to water a lot. The main cause of watery eyes is the locked or infected tear ducts. Said eye discharge is more evident in the morning. If this happens frequently, you should do necessary precautions already.

How Do You Take Care Of Your Baby’s Eyes?

There is a lot you can do to help your baby maintain his good vision. At the same time, obtain the necessary eye activity development appropriate for his age. Here are some of them:

  • At birth, use a dimly lit lamp in his room. You can also hang some of his toys above his crib with a distance of about eight to twelve inches. By doing so, it gets him more interested and familiar with the objects that surround him.
  • At your baby's fifth to eight month, give him time to explore and play on the floor. Aside from improving his eye and body coordination, this also gives him more interest with toys and objects. Also, make sure that he has taken food rich with Vitamin A as this play an important role in his vision development.
  • At your baby's ninth to twelfth month, play hide and seek with your baby as this develops his visual memory. You can speak to him softly by showing and naming objects. Aside from having a bond with him, it also helps to improve his identification of images.

Related Questions

  • What is the rarest eye color?
    The green eye color is the rarest color in the world. At an estimate, there is only around 2% of the world's population who has green-colored eyes. The green coloring is said to be a result of a mild pigmentation in the eye.
  • Can parents with brown eyes have a child with blue eyes?
    If both parents have brown-colored eyes, they can still have a blue-colored eye baby. However, since the eye color is polygenic, several genes also exert their effects on the coloring. So even if it is quite unusual, it can still possibly happen.
  • How long do newborns eyes stay blue?
    This might last for six months latest. However, by then, the possible permanent color of your baby’s eyes seems to be more evident than blue.

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