A newborn baby has high possibility of being infected if the mother has an STD or STI and if diagnosed they need to be treated with utmost urgency to avoid serious complications from arising in the future.
Are all babies tested for STDs? Routine evaluation of newborn babies includes a number of different tests like blood test, hearing screening and heart screening. The blood test can definitely give indication of any STD or STI which can be transmitted from the mother to the child during the period of pregnancy. So, if the mother is known to have been affected, the baby will definitely be tested for STDs else the tests would just include the normal newborn screening list.
Newborns And STDs
An ST infection before or during pregnancy can affect your baby with serious health risks but there are also cases where the newborn can remain unaffected by the mother’s condition. The mother may be infected even before she conceives or can get the infection transmitted during the period of her pregnancy either causing equal danger for the fetus. The baby can be affected by the infection before birth or after birth through breastfeeding. Once a trace of indication is seen, we should make sure that follow up tests are conducted and necessary precautions are taken to avoid future health issues for the child.
How Important Is Testing For STD In Pregnant Women?
In the first prenatal observation itself, the mother needs to be checked for STDs/STIs. The baby is at great risk if the mother’s condition remains unnoticed and unattended. So, make sure necessary tests and treatments are not avoided. The first prenatal visit will include the test for HIV, syphilis, Hepatitis B and chlamydia. During the period of pregnancy, make sure the others like Gonorrhea is tested. The mother should make sure that any details of high-risk sexual activity is made known her doctor. Asymptomatic STDs can be identified by vigilant tests during the pregnancy.
"Remember, two lives are hanging by one thread, a little negligence can cost both!"
What Are The Common STDs? Their Effects And Treatments
Each STD/STI is treated differently. Let’s take a look at some:
Even After The Newborn Screening, Can The Baby Be Affected From The Mother?
Yes. Breastfeeding can cause the transmission of STDs but not in all cases.
What Measures Are To Be Taken To Ensure Prevention Of STIs During Pregnancy?
"Communication plays a major role in treatment of all diseases especially during pregnancy there should be proper communication between the patient and her medical provider."
Listing Out The Common Effects Of STDs/STIs On Newborns
The common effects of STDs/STIs can be:
What Are The Symptoms Of STDs In The Mother?
"Some of the infections are asymptomatic, so do not overlook the chance of transmission in case of normal conditions."
- 1What are the common newborn screening tests?
Phenylketonuria (PKU), Biotinidase deficiency, Homocystinuria, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cystic fibrosis, Toxoplasmosis, Sickle Cell Disease are few of the many tests conducted in newborn babies. Each place has its own set of screening tests.
- 2Do doctors check for STDs in pregnant women?
Yes, as we mentioned above, in the first prenatal consultation itself, the mother is tested for STDs/STIs. They are given necessary treatment from that stage itself, to avoid any big complication in the future.
- 3Can Caesarean delivery help in reducing the chance of STD spreading?
Yes. Caesarean delivery can help in reducing the chance of STD spreading to the newborn as it does not involve the exposure to vaginal liquid.
- 4Is newborn screening test necessary? Will it harm the child?
Newborn screening tests are of utmost importance as they can help reducing the effect of dangerous diseases, by giving the timely treatment to each child. A little discomfort may be felt if the baby is awake but it’s just a quick prick with the needle on the heel to collect the blood sample.
- 5Can STD cause infertility in women?
Chlamydia can cause infertility in men and women but that doesn’t mean that having any other STDs can be the reason for infertility in women.
- 6Is there a chance of miscarriage in women with STD?
Certain STDs like Gonorrhea can lead to miscarriage. It’s mostly due to the untreated condition, hence always be sure to take the necessary steps to treat the condition when diagnosed.